This seminar will focus on the comparative study of the structure and content of constitutional law, primarily (though not exclusively) comparing the United States with both (a) western European civil law countries such as Germany and France and (b) other common law countries, such as Canada, the United Kingdom, and South Africa. After initial discussion of the concept of constitutionalism, we will spend the first half of the semester on issues of comparative constitutional structure, including variations in the institutions and practices of judicial review, negative and positive (social and economic) constitutional rights, the extent to which private actors are bound by constitutional norms, limits on constitutional rights, and federalism. In the second half of the semester, we will study various substantive constitutional rights, including freedom of speech and expression, freedom of religion, privacy rights, and differing conceptions of equality. Paper required. Enrollment limited to 15.