This course is designed to give the students general understanding of the specificities and of the interactions of Legal Systems today. In an age of globalization, the comparative study of different legal orders and institutions presents a strong practical motivation: it intends to give a 21st century lawyer the legal background and reasoning skills to approach law at a global level. The legal practice of international business, international arbitration, international organizations or any domestic litigation involving foreign interests illustrate the need to consider the different approaches of the law in the world today.The course will focus on the identity and changes of the major Legal Systems and Traditions in Civil Law and Common Law countries as well as in other contemporary legal societies. Several points of comparative discussion will be privileged: sources of law and codification, organization of courts and judicial processes, legal education and the legal profession, the role of law in society or the protection of fundamental rights… The adaptation to social or technological change will also be discussed.Furthermore, the analysis of the effects of globalization and harmonization trends may be related to the development of “mixed legal systems” (the experiences of India and South Africa will be underlined). Such considerations finally raise the issues of legal transplants, intercultural understanding or the importance of transnational evolutions, in order to better identify modern legal challenges.Methodology: Lectures and Seminar discussions, analysis of selected texts or cases in class. No background required in Comparative Law or Legal Sociology: that background will be provided in class through selected handouts.
Constitutional Law, Government, and Public Policy;
International & Comparative Law - International, Comparative, and Foreign Law;
International and Comparative Law JD Specialization;