The Epistemology of the Truth in Modern Islam, 41(4-5) Philosophy and Social Criticism 473-86 (2015).
Failure of a Revolution: The Military, Secular Intelligentsia and Religion in Egypt's Pseudo-Secular State, in Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization 253-70 (edited by Larbi Sadiki, Routledge Press, 2015).
When Happiness Fails: An Islamic Perspective, 29 The Journal of Law and Religion 109 (2014).
The Shari'a, in The Oxford University Handbook of Islam and Politics (edited by John L. Esposito and Emad El-Din Shahin, Oxford University Press, 2013).
The Praetorian State in the Arab Spring, 34 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law
305 (2013). Full Text
The Islamic Legal Tradition: A Comparative Law Perspective, in Cambridge Companion to Comparative Law (edited by Mauro Bussani and Ugo Mattei, Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Conceptualizing Shari'ah in the Modern State, 56 Villanova Law Review
803 (2012). Full Text
The Centrality of Shari'ah to Government and Constitutionalism in Islam, in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (edited by Rainer Grote and Tillman Roder, Oxford University Press, 2011).
Fascism Triumphant?, 10(4) Political Theology 577-81 (2009). Translated into Dutch: Opinion, VolZin, The Netherlands, Issue 15, Fall 2009.
Islamic Authority, in New Directions in Islamic Thought: Exploring Reform and Muslim Tradition (edited by Kari Vogt, Lena Miller and Christian Moe, I.B. Tauris, 2009).
Islamic Law, Human Rights and Neo-Colonialism, in Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2006: The `War on Terror' (edited by Chris Miller, Manchester University Press, 2009).
The Unique and International and the Imperative of Discourse, 8 Chicago Journal of International Law 43-57 (2007).
The Death Penalty, Mercy and Islam: A Call for Retrospection, in A Call for Reckoning: Religion and the Death Penalty (edited by Erik C. Owens, John D. Carlson & Eric P. Elshtain, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co, 2004).
9/11 and the Muslim Transformation, in September 11: A Transformative Moment? Culture, Religion and Politics in an Age of Uncertainty (edited by Mary Dudziak, Duke University Press, 2003).
The Human Rights Commitment in Modern Islam, in Human Rights and Responsibilities in the World Religions 301-364 (edited by Joseph Runzo, Nancy M. Martin and Arvind Sharma, Oneworld Publications, 2003).
Between Functionalism and Morality: The Juristic Debates on the Conduct of War, in Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia 103-128 (edited by Jonathan E. Brockopp, University of South Carolina Press, 2003).
Conflict Resolution as a Normative Value in Islamic Law: Handling Disputes with Non-Muslims, in Faith-Based Diplomacy: Trumping Realpolitik 178-209 (edited by Douglas Johnston, Oxford University Press, 2003).
The Unbounded Law of God and Territorial Boundaries, in States, Nations and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries 214-227 (edited by Allen Buchanan and Margaret Moore, Cambridge University Press, 2003).
The Modern Ugly and the Ugly Modern: Reclaiming the Beautiful in Islam, in Progressive Muslims 33-77 (edited by Omid Safi, Oneworld Press, 2003).
The Culture of Ugliness in Modern Islam and Reengaging Morality, 2 UCLA Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law 33-97 (2002).
The Orphans of Modernity and the Clash of Civilizations, 4 Global Dialogue 1-16 (2002).
Introduction, in Shattered Illusions: Analyzing the War on Terrorism 19-44 (edited by Khaled Abou El Fadl, John Esposito, Aftab Ahmad Malik, Amal Press, 2002).
Peaceful Jihad, in Taking Back Islam 33-39 (edited by Michael Wolfe, Rodale Press, 2002).
Book Review, Islamic Law and Ambivalent Scholarship, 100 Michigan Law Review 1421-43 (2002). Reviewing The Justice of Islam: Comparative Perspectives on Islamic Law and Society, by Lawrence Rosen.
Book Review, Soul Searching and the Spirit of Shari'ah, 1 Washington University Global Studies Law Review 553-72 (2002). Reviewing The Sprit of Islamic Law, by Bernard Weiss.
Constitutionalism and the Islamic Sunni Legacy, 1 UCLA Journal of Islamic & Near Eastern Law 67-101 (2002).
Negotiating Human Rights Through Language, 5 Journal of International Law & Foreign Affairs 229-36 (2001).
Book Review, The Use and Abuse of "Holy War", 14 Ethics and International Affairs 133-40 (2000). Reviewing The Holy War Idea in the Western & Islamic Traditions, by James Johnson.
Fox Hunting, Pheasant Shooting, and Comparative Law (with Alan Watson), 48 American Journal of Comparative Law 1-37 (2000).
The Rules of Killing at War: An Inquiry into Classical Sources, in LXXXIXThe Muslim World 144-57 (1999).
Striking the Balance: Islamic Legal Discourses on Muslim Minorities, in Muslims on the Americanization Path? (edited by Yvonne Haddad & John Esposito, Scholars Press, 1998). Reprinted Oxford University Press (1999).
Political Crime in Islamic Jurisprudence and Western Legal History, 4 UC Davis Journal of International Law & Policy 28 (1998).
Muslims and Accessible Jurisprudence in Liberal Democracies: A Response to Edward B. Foley's Jurisprudence and Theology, 66 Fordham Law Review 1227-31 (1998).
Dia, in 7Encyclopedia Iranica 360-62 (1996).
Muslim Minorities and Self-Restraint in Liberal Democracies, 29 Loyola Law Review 1525-42 (1996).
Hostages (with Asma Sayeed), in Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World (Oxford University Press, 1995).
Diplomatic Immunity, in Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World (Oxford University Press, 1995).
Democracy and Islamic Law, in Under Siege: Islam and Democracy (edited by Richard Bulliet, Middle East Institute of Columbia University, 1994).
Islamic Law and Muslim Minorities: The Juristic Discourse on Muslim Minorities From the 2nd/8th to the 11th/17th Centuries, 1 Journal of Islamic Law & Society 141-87 (1994).
Legal Debates on Muslim Minorities: Between Rejection and Accommodation, 22 Journal of Religious Ethics 127-62 (1994).
Tax Farming in Islamic Law: A Search for a Concept, 31 Islamic Studies 5-32 (1992).
The Common and Islamic Law of Duress, 6 Arab Law Quarterly 121 (1991). Reprinted as The Law of Duress in Islamic Law and Common Law: A Comparative Study, 30 Islamic Studies 305 (1991).
Ahkam al-Bughat: Irregular Warfare and the Law of Rebellion in Islam, in Cross, Crescent and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition (edited by James Turner Johnson and John Kelsay, Greenwood Press, 1990).